Here are a few definitions among those frequently asked.

Transactional Analysis

Eric Berne, founder of Transactional Analysis. “The unit of social intercourse is called a transaction. If two or more people encounter each other… sooner or later one of them will speak, or give some other indication of acknowledging the presence of the others. This is called transactional stimulus. Another person will then say or do something which is in some way related to the stimulus, and that is called the transactional response.“
TA is a method for studying interactions between individuals.

Psychological needs

Psychological Needs is a term describing those powerful desires that motivate each of us to want certain things and to act in certain ways. Once our physical needs are met (air, water, food, shelter, etc.), our Psychological Needs become our primary motivators.
Psychological Needs are innate attention and motivational desires that must be met in an individual for effective and productive functioning – the basic hungers that need satisfaction. Each Personality Type has different Psychological Needs.

Democratic leadership

This style of interaction is based on the principles of group participation and decision. The person using this style encourages interaction between and among others, solicits feedback, and fosters independent thinking.

Autocratic leadership

The person using the autocratic style gives commands and directives, and encourages others to respond directly to him or her. This style is task-oriented.

Benevolent leadership

This style of interaction typifies someone who is more person-oriented than thinking- or task-oriented. Individual feelings are more important than tasks to this person. He or she assumes that when people feel “good”, they do better. The benevolent person fosters a sense of belonging in others by interacting in a nurturing and accepting way.


This style of interaction is even more nondirective than the democratic. When in a responsible position, the person using the laisser-faire style invites others to assume as much responsibility as they can handle.